Republic of South Sudan
9 July 2011
East African Time (GMT+3)
South Sudan Pound (SSP)
8,260,490 (2008 census)
Embassies accredited to the country
The Embassy Page for South Sudan lists all diplomatic and consular missions in South Sudan and all South Sudanese diplomatic and consular representations abroad. Currently, South Sudan maintains 23 embassies abroad permanent mission in UN as well as two consulates. The South Sudanese capital, Juba, hosts 24 embassies, and in addition, there is one consulate and one other representation in South Sudan.
* Canada * China* Djibouti* Egypt * Eritrea* Ethiopia * France* Germany* India* Japan* Kenya* Netherlands * Nigeria* Norway* Qatar* Somalia* South Africa* Sudan* Sweden* Turkey* Uganda* United Kingdom* United States* Zimbabwe*
Consulates in South Sudan
Libya - Juba, Consulate General
Representative offices include the European Union Office, Joint Donor Team Office, Arab League of Nations, African Union, Japan International Cooperation Agency, World Bank, and Swiss Cooperation Office Juba.
RSS Missions Abroad * Belgium - Brussels * China - Beijing * Congo (Democratic Republic) - Kinshasa * Egypt - Cairo * Eritrea - Asmara * Ethiopia - Addis Ababa * France - Paris * Germany - Berlin * Ghana - Accra * India - New Delhi * Israel - Tel Aviv * Italy - Rome * Kenya - Nairobi * Nigeria - Abuja * Norway - Oslo * Russia - Moscow * South Africa - Pretoria * Sudan - Khartoum * Turkey - Ankara * Uganda - Kampala * United Kingdom - London * United States - Washington, D.C. * UN Mission – NY * Zimbabwe - Harare
South Sudanese Consulates
Bangladesh - Dhaka, Consulate * Lebanon - Beirut, Consulate
Constitution: Transitional Constitution of South Sudan (2011)
Jonglei, Fangak, Bieh, Akobo, Maiwut, Latjor, Boma, Central Upper Nile, Northern Upper Nile, Fashoda, Ruweng, Southern Liech, Northern Liech, Gogrial, Twic, Tonj, Gok, Western Lake, Eastern Lake, Aweil East, Lol, Aweil, Wau, Jubek, Terekeka, Yei River, Tambura, Gbudwe, Amadi, Maridi, Imatong, Kapoeta
Political parties at Independence:
Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM), National Congress Party (NCP), Sudan People’s Liberation Movement – Democratic Change (SPLM-DC), Sudan African National Union (SANU), United Democratic Front (UDF), Union of Sudan African Parties (USAP 1), Union of Sudan African Parties (USAP 2), South Sudan Democratic Front (SSDF), and United Democratic Salvation Front (UDSF).
South Sudan Flag:
Initially used by the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army during the liberation struggle, the flag was adopted as the national flag of the new Republic of South Sudan by all political parties, the Government of South Sudan cabinet and the South Sudan Legislative Assembly. The flag’s colours symbolize the following: Red: Blood that was shed by the liberation struggle martyrs. White: Peace attained after many years of the liberation struggle. Blue: Waters of the Nile River, a source of life for the country. Green: The countries natural resources. Black: Black African skin. Yellow: Star guiding the country and its citizens.
Coat of Arms:
The prominent feature of the coat of arms is the African fish eagle (Haliaeetus vocifer), which is common in most areas of South Sudan. It symbolizes vision, strength, resilience and majesty. The eagle is leaning against a traditional shield and crossed spear and spade, which symbolize the people’s resolve to protect the sovereignty of their republic and work hard to feed it.
A choir of youth sing the national anthem.
We praise and glorify you
For your grace on South Sudan,
Land of great abundance
Uphold us united in peace and harmony.
We rise raising flag with the guiding star
And sing songs of freedom with joy,
For justice, liberty and prosperity
Shall forever more reign.
Oh great patriots
Let us stand up in silence and respect,
Saluting our martyrs whose blood
Cemented our national foundation,
We vow to protect our nation
Oh God bless South Sudan.
The capital of South Sudan is located at Juba, which is also the state capital of Jubek and the county seat of the eponymous Juba County, and is the country's largest city. It is planned that the capital city will be changed to the more centrally located Ramciel. This proposal is functionally similar to construction projects in Abuja, Nigeria; Brasília, Brazil; and Canberra, Australia; among other modern-era planned national capitals.
Executive branch: chief of state: President Salva KIIR Mayardit (since 9 July 2011); First-Vice President Taban Deng GAI (since 26 July 2016); Second-Vice President James Wani IGGA (since 26 April 2016). Note: the president is both chief of state and head of government
Cabinet: National Council of Ministers appointed by the president, approved by the Transitional National Legislative Assembly
Elections/Appointments: president is directly elected by simple majority popular vote for a 5-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 11-15 April 2010 (the next election has been postponed from 2015 to 2018 due to instability); and Salva KIIR Mayardit has won with 93% of vote.
The National Assembly of the Republic of South Sudan was established through Presidential Decree No. 10/2011 for the Reconstitution of the National Legislative Assembly of the Republic of South Sudan, 2011 issued on 1 August 2011.
The Cabinet of South Sudan is the Executive Branch of the Government of South Sudan. The Cabinet members are appointed by the President and report to the President. Below is a list of the current members of the Cabinet of South Sudan:
Name of ministries
On 20 August 2011, President Salva Kiir issued a decree establishing 30 government ministries of South Sudan to constitute a cabinet
- Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (South Sudan)
- Ministry of Animal Resources and Fisheries (South Sudan)
- Ministry of Cabinet Affairs (South Sudan)
- Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sports (South Sudan)
- Ministry of Defence and Veterans Affairs (South Sudan)
- Ministry of General Education and Instruction (South Sudan)
- Ministry of Electricity and Dams (South Sudan)
- Ministry of Environment (South Sudan)
- Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning (South Sudan)
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation (South Sudan)
- Ministry of Gender, Social Welfare and Religious Affairs (South Sudan)
- Ministry of Health (South Sudan)
- Ministry of Higher Education, Science and Technology (South Sudan)
- Ministry of Housing, Physical Planning and Environment (South Sudan)
- Ministry of Humanitarian Affairs and Disaster Management (South Sudan)
- Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (South Sudan)
- Ministry of Internal Affairs (South Sudan)
- Ministry of Irrigation and Water Resources (South Sudan)
- Ministry of Justice (South Sudan)
- Ministry of Labour, Public Service and Human Resource Development (South Sudan)
- Ministry of Mining
- Ministry of National Security (South Sudan)
- Office of the President (South Sudan)
- Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs (South Sudan)
- Ministry of Peace and CPA Implementation (South Sudan)
- Ministry of Petrolium
- Ministry of Roads and Bridges (South Sudan)
- Ministry of Telecommunication and Postal Services (South Sudan)
- Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Investment (South Sudan)
- Ministry of Transport
- Ministry of Wildlife Conservation and Tourism
The constitution of Southern Sudan mandates the establishment of the Judiciary of Southern Sudan (JOSS) as an independent decentralized institution. JOSS will be independent of the Executive and Legislature with its budget charged on the consolidated fund thereby having the necessary financial independence.