Government


H.E. the late Dr. John Garang De Mabior


H.E. Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardiit

Official Name:

Republic of South Sudan

Independence Day:

9 July 2011

Capital City:

Juba

Time Zone:

East African Time (GMT+3)

Official Language:

English

Currency:

South Sudan Pound (SSP)

Population:

8,260,490 (2008 census)

Embassies accredited to the country

The Embassy Page for South Sudan lists all diplomatic and consular missions in South Sudan and all South Sudanese diplomatic and consular representations abroad. Currently, South Sudan maintains 23 embassies abroad permanent mission in UN as well as two consulates. The South Sudanese capital, Juba, hosts 24 embassies, and in addition, there is one consulate and one other representation in South Sudan.

* Canada * China* Djibouti* Egypt * Eritrea* Ethiopia * France* Germany* India* Japan* Kenya* Netherlands * Nigeria* Norway* Qatar* Somalia* South Africa* Sudan* Sweden* Turkey* Uganda* United Kingdom* United States* Zimbabwe*

Consulates in South Sudan

Libya - Juba, Consulate General

Representative offices include the European Union Office, Joint Donor Team Office, Arab League of Nations, African Union, Japan International Cooperation Agency, World Bank, and Swiss Cooperation Office Juba.

RSS Missions Abroad * Belgium - Brussels * China - Beijing * Congo (Democratic Republic) - Kinshasa * Egypt - Cairo * Eritrea - Asmara * Ethiopia - Addis Ababa * France - Paris * Germany - Berlin * Ghana - Accra * India - New Delhi * Israel - Tel Aviv * Italy - Rome * Kenya - Nairobi * Nigeria - Abuja * Norway - Oslo * Russia - Moscow * South Africa - Pretoria * Sudan - Khartoum * Turkey - Ankara * Uganda - Kampala * United Kingdom - London * United States - Washington, D.C. * UN Mission – NY * Zimbabwe - Harare

South Sudanese Consulates

Bangladesh - Dhaka, Consulate * Lebanon - Beirut, Consulate

Constitution: Transitional Constitution of South Sudan (2011)

States:

Jonglei, Fangak, Bieh, Akobo, Maiwut, Latjor, Boma, Central Upper Nile, Northern Upper Nile, Fashoda, Ruweng, Southern Liech, Northern Liech, Gogrial, Twic, Tonj, Gok, Western Lake, Eastern Lake, Aweil East, Lol, Aweil, Wau, Jubek, Terekeka, Yei River, Tambura, Gbudwe, Amadi, Maridi, Imatong, Kapoeta

Political parties at Independence:

Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM), National Congress Party (NCP), Sudan People’s Liberation Movement – Democratic Change (SPLM-DC), Sudan African National Union (SANU), United Democratic Front (UDF), Union of Sudan African Parties (USAP 1), Union of Sudan African Parties (USAP 2), South Sudan Democratic Front (SSDF), and United Democratic Salvation Front (UDSF).

State Symbols

South Sudan Flag:

Initially used by the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army during the liberation struggle, the flag was adopted as the national flag of the new Republic of South Sudan by all political parties, the Government of South Sudan cabinet and the South Sudan Legislative Assembly. The flag’s colours symbolize the following: Red: Blood that was shed by the liberation struggle martyrs. White: Peace attained after many years of the liberation struggle. Blue: Waters of the Nile River, a source of life for the country. Green: The countries natural resources. Black: Black African skin. Yellow: Star guiding the country and its citizens.

Coat of Arms:

The prominent feature of the coat of arms is the African fish eagle (Haliaeetus vocifer), which is common in most areas of South Sudan. It symbolizes vision, strength, resilience and majesty. The eagle is leaning against a traditional shield and crossed spear and spade, which symbolize the people’s resolve to protect the sovereignty of their republic and work hard to feed it.

National Anthem:

A choir of youth sing the national anthem.

Oh God
We praise and glorify you
For your grace on South Sudan,
Land of great abundance
Uphold us united in peace and harmony.

Oh motherland
We rise raising flag with the guiding star
And sing songs of freedom with joy,
For justice, liberty and prosperity
Shall forever more reign.

Oh great patriots
Let us stand up in silence and respect,
Saluting our martyrs whose blood
Cemented our national foundation,
We vow to protect our nation

Oh God bless South Sudan.

National Capital

The capital of South Sudan is located at Juba, which is also the state capital of Jubek and the county seat of the eponymous Juba County, and is the country's largest city. It is planned that the capital city will be changed to the more centrally located Ramciel. This proposal is functionally similar to construction projects in Abuja, Nigeria; Brasília, Brazil; and Canberra, Australia; among other modern-era planned national capitals.

Executive

Executive branch: chief of state: President Salva KIIR Mayardit (since 9 July 2011); First-Vice President Taban Deng GAI (since 26 July 2016); Second-Vice President James Wani IGGA (since 26 April 2016). Note: the president is both chief of state and head of government

Cabinet: National Council of Ministers appointed by the president, approved by the Transitional National Legislative Assembly

Elections/Appointments: president is directly elected by simple majority popular vote for a 5-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 11-15 April 2010 (the next election has been postponed from 2015 to 2018 due to instability); and Salva KIIR Mayardit has won with 93% of vote.

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Legislation:

The National Assembly of the Republic of South Sudan was established through Presidential Decree No. 10/2011 for the Reconstitution of the National Legislative Assembly of the Republic of South Sudan, 2011 issued on 1 August 2011.

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Cabinet:

The Cabinet of South Sudan is the Executive Branch of the Government of South Sudan. The Cabinet members are appointed by the President and report to the President. Below is a list of the current members of the Cabinet of South Sudan:

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Name of ministries

On 20 August 2011, President Salva Kiir issued a decree establishing 30 government ministries of South Sudan to constitute a cabinet

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Judiciary

The constitution of Southern Sudan mandates the establishment of the Judiciary of Southern Sudan (JOSS) as an independent decentralized institution. JOSS will be independent of the Executive and Legislature with its budget charged on the consolidated fund thereby having the necessary financial independence.

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