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Natural Resources

The Petroleum Industry in South Sudan (PISS) was inherited from the continuing Sudan and sustains long historical records. South Sudan is endowed with significant non-renewable natural resources that should have an enormous positive transformational impact on the South Sudanese communities as polices to exploit them are meant to benefit such communities. These non-renewable natural resources comprise of oil as the leading resource, uranium, copper, diamonds, gold, iron ore, mica, silver, zinc, and others.

Oil

The country is blessed with oil reserves of over 3.75 billion barrels.

Minerals

Iron ore, copper, chromium ore, zinc, tungsten, mica, silver and gold.

Energy

Hydropower

Water

Abundance of fresh water with the Blue Nile and White Nile as well as lakes playing a major role in the country.

This entry lists the country's mineral, petroleum, hydropower and other resources of commercial importance, such as rare earth elements (REEs). In general, products appear only if they make a significant contribution to the economy, or are likely to do so in the future.


  • Two major unexplored frontier gold provinces
  • 300,000km² Congo Craton rocks – bigger than Ghana
  • Significant areas of Neo-Proterozoic Arabian-Nubian Shield
  • Greenstone belts and crustal-scale shear zones
  • Close to recently-developed world-class gold deposits in Congo
  • Many areas of artisanal operations
  • Large licences available (up to 2500km²)
  • No exploration for ~60 years
  • Good potential for high grade multi-million ounce deposits

“South Sudan is frontier of choice for Randgold”
(Mark Bristow, Randgold CEO, February 2014)